Images: Defensive Strategies

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Hard to Defend

Shoberl, Frederic, Africa, containing a description of the manners and customs, with some historical particulars of the Moors of the Zahara, and of the Negro nations between the rivers Senegal and Gambia. Vol I & IV (published 1821), London, Ackermann [1821]

Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture / Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division

ID# 1257406

Hard to Defend

Villages and small towns that were hard to defend were often abandoned.

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