Protective Walls

Shoberl, Frederic, Africa, containing a description of the manners and customs, with some historical particulars of the Moors of the Zahara, and of the Negro nations between the rivers Senegal and Gambia. Vol I & IV (published 1821), London, Ackermann [1821]

Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture / Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division

ID# 1257417

Protective Walls

Africans often planted venomous and thorny trees and bushes all around their villages.