Fortresses

Pietri, Camille, Les français au Niger; voyages et combats, par le Capitaine Pietri. Ouvrage contenant 28 gravures et une carte. (published 1885), Paris, Librairie Hachette, 1885.

Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture / General Research and Reference Division

ID# 1259570

Fortresses

Main towns were protected by thick walls, up to twelve feet high.