Images: Black Abolitionists in France

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Vincent Ogé

Print collection. > Caribbean area. > Haiti. > Haiti - Government officials and military.

Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture / Photographs and Prints Division

ID# 1248954

Vincent Ogé

Vincent Ogé (1755-1791) was a wealthy free man of color from Saint-Domingue. Along with Julien Raimond, another planter and slaveholder, he worked closely with la Societe des amis des noirs (Society of the Friends of the Blacks) in Paris , which asked for equal rights for free people of color, the immediate abolition of the slave trade, and a gradual abolition of slavery. Ogé returned to Saint-Domingue to demand that the white colonists give the free people of color the rights that had been granted by France a few months earlier. He warned that he was ready to use force. After a fight, he and his followers took refuge in the Spanish part of Hispaniola. They were handed back to the colonists. Ogé and his companion Jean-Baptiste Chavanne were broken on the wheel, a horrendous torture, on February 25, 1791. The martyr of Ogé and Chavanne convinced free blacks that only force could guarantee their rights and they allied themselves with the enslaved when the uprising broke out in August.