Toussaint L'Ouverture

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Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture / Photographs and Prints Division

ID# 1242088

Toussaint L'Ouverture

Born a slave in the French colony of St. Domingue, François Dominique Toussaint (1743 - 1803) is believed to have been of Dahomean parentage. He led several campaigns against the French starting in 1791 during the general slaves' uprising. When Napoleon Bonaparte re-established slavery in 1802, and send 30,000 soldiers to St. Domingue, the black population rose again. Toussaint was deceitfully seized and sent to jail in France, where he died in 1803. In 1804, St. Domingue became Haiti, the first black republic in the world. No Western country recognized it and an embargo against the new country was put in place.

  1. View All Images
  2. Introduction
  3. Celebrations in New York
  4. Celebrations in Philadelphia
  5. Celebrations in Boston
  6. Africa and Africans
  7. New Issues
  8. The End of the Celebrations
  9. The Legacy of the Celebrations
  10. Bibliography

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